Splenectomy refers to removal of the spleen. The spleen is an organ in the upper left region of the abdomen. It plays a role in the body’s immune system. Splenic Pathology (diseases of the spleen) can necessitate removal of the spleen. Such problems include an abnormally large spleen, an overactive spleen (which may destroy some of the body’s own blood cells) or spleen involved by cancer.
This operation can usually be performed by Keyhole Surgery. You should speak to your surgeon about whether or not this is appropriate in your case.
Splenectomy is only performed when absolutely necessary as patients who have removal of the spleen are at a slightly higher risk of infections. To help prevent this, patients are generally given pre-operative vaccinations. More details regarding this issue will be discussed in your consultation.