The spleen is an organ in the upper left region of the abdomen. It plays a role in the body’s blood production and immune system. Splenic Pathology (diseases of the spleen) can uncommonly necessitate removal of the spleen. Such problems include an abnormally large spleen, an overactive spleen (which may destroy some of the body’s own blood cells) or spleen involved by cancer.
This operation can usually be performed by keyhole surgery. You should speak to your surgeon about whether or not this is appropriate in your case.
Patients lead an essentially normal life following splenectomy, however there is a slightly higher risk of infection. To help prevent this, patients are generally given pre-operative vaccinations (or post-operative if the spleen is removed as an emergency).